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Dachshund is a kind of hound with short legs and strong body.

Standard size dachshunds are developed to smell, chase and wash badge and other burrowing animals, while small dachshunds are raised to hunt smaller prey, such as rabbits. In the United States, they are also used to track injured deer and hunt prairie dogs.

Dachshunds also participate in conformational performances, live trials and many other activities organized by purebred dog organizations such as the American Kennel Club (AKC). According to AKC statistics, dachshunds rank 13th in the popularity of American breeds.

Although it is classified as a hound or scent hound in the United States and the United Kingdom, the breed has its own population in the countries of the International Federation of cynics. Many dachshunds, especially the bristly subspecies, may exhibit similar behavior and appearance to terriers. The odor (or hound) category can be demonstrated because it is developed using odor to track and hunt animals, and may be derived from the St. Hubert hound, like many modern odor hounds (such as hounds and basset hounds). But because terriers may continue to develop personality and love of digging, they may also belong to Terrier or groundhog.

A typical dachshund is strong, muscular, and has short, thick legs. Its front claws are large and paddle like, which is especially suitable for excavation. Its skin is loose enough not to tear in pursuit of prey while digging. Dachshunds have deep chests and can provide adequate vital capacity for endurance during hunting. It has a long nose. According to the breed's AKC standard, "dachshunds are hounds and should not be mistaken for scars from glorious wounds.".

There are three kinds of coat for dachshunds: smooth coat (short hair), long coat and hard coat. Dachshunds have silk coats and short feathers on their legs and ears. The Dachshund is the least common coat breed in the United States (although it is most common in Germany) and the latest coat in breeding standards. Dachshunds come in a variety of colors and patterns, the most common being red. Their basic colors can be monochrome (red or cream), Tan (black and tan, chocolate and tan, blue and tan, Isabella and tan), while in hard haired dogs, this color is called boar. Patterns such as stripes (MEL), mink hair, plaques and plaques can also appear on any base color. Depending on the genetic makeup of the parents, the same litter of dachshunds may be born with different coat colors. The main color of the variety is red, followed by black and tan. A tan dog has Tan (or milky white) markings on its eyes, ears, claws, and tail. Red ranges from copper to deep rust, with or without some common black hair on the back, face, and ear edges, giving many features and a nearly polished appearance. Among breeders and enthusiasts, this is known as "coverage" or "stability.". Wrinkles should not be confused with the more common coat color known as sable. In the distance, a dachshund looks a bit like a black and Tan dog. However, after careful examination, you will find that along the top of the dog's body, each hair actually has a red strap at the root near the skin and transitions to black along the length of the line. Another striking coat mark is the pattern of tobacco flowers and leaves. "Spot" refers to a dark stripe on a solid background - usually red. If the Dachshund is tan on a dark coat and has Tan dots, it has Tan only on the tan dots. Even if it is a single pattern, the only pattern is the pattern. If a dachshund has only one spot, it's a spot.

According to DCA and AKC, both stripes and double Merle are irregular. However, both types continue to show, sometimes even winning in the conformational ring.

The mottled dog has mottled Mel pattern, but when the mottled gene self expresses twice in the same area of the coat, it will appear obvious white plaque. DCA ruled out the word "double stripes" in its 2007 standard, and now strictly uses the word "stripes" because the double stripes gene usually causes blindness and deafness.

Dachshunds come in three sizes: standard, miniature and kaninchen (German for "rabbit"). While standard and micro sizes are almost universally accepted, clubs in the US and UK do not accept rabbit sizes. The FCI recognizes the size of rabbits, including kennel clubs from 83 countries around the world. Family pets are getting smaller and smaller, between miniature and standard sizes. , usually referred to as "mending room", not an official classification.

A mature standard dachshund weighs between 16 pounds (7.3 kg) and 32 pounds (15 kg) on average, while a small dog usually weighs less than 12 pounds (5.4 kg). Kaninchen weighs between 8 pounds (3.6 kg) and 11 pounds (5.0 kg). According to the Kennel Club standard, the miniature (and the recognized kaninchen) is only different from the full size in size and weight, so the offspring of the miniature parents should not be weighed beyond the miniature standard. While many Kennel Club sizing departments use weight for classification, such as the American Kennel Club, other Kennel Club standards determine differences between miniatures and standards based on chest circumference. Some kennel clubs (such as Germany) can even measure chest circumference beyond height and weight.

"Dachshunds are half a dog, and dogs are half a dog," says H. L. Mencken, although they are known as "Growing two dogs.". This feature makes them a recognized breed and has appeared in many jokes and cartoons, especially Gary Larson's far away.

Dachshunds are mischievous, but they are known for their tenacity, determination and ferocity in pursuing small animals, birds and tennis. Many dachshunds are stubborn, making them a training challenge.

Dachshunds can be aggressive against strangers and other dogs. However, they are rated as normal working dogs in the dog's intelligence and have the ability to follow the training for 50% or more of the time. They are 49th in Stanley Coren's dog intelligence, with average work and obedience intelligence. Their bark can be very large. Some bark a lot and may need training to stop, while others don't need much at all. Dachshunds are known for their loyalty and loyalty to their owners, although they may be indifferent to strangers. If dachshunds are often too lonely, some dachshunds are prone to separation anxiety and may chew objects in the house to relieve stress.

Dachshunds are naturally burrows, and when bored or tired, they may burrow in blankets and other items around the house.

Dachshunds can be difficult to enter and often require patience and consistency in the process.

According to the breeding standards of the American Kennel Club, "dachshunds are smart, lively, brave, easy and persistent to work on the ground and underground, all the feelings have been developed. Any expression of shyness is a gross fault. " Their temperament and body language give the impression that they don't know or care about their relatively small size. Like many small hounds, they challenge large dogs. Addicted dachshunds can become lively or stubborn.

Many dachshunds don't like strangers, and many will growl or bark. Although dachshunds are usually energetic dogs, some are quiet. The dog's behavior makes it not everyone's dog. Boring, untrained dachshunds will be destructive. If dachshunds are not properly raised and do not socialize at a very young age, dachshunds can become aggressive or fearful. They need a loving, loving host who understands the needs of entertainment and sports.

Dachshunds may not be the best pets for children. Like any dog, dachshunds need to be introduced properly when they are young. Well trained dachshunds and well behaved children usually get along well. Otherwise, they may be aggressive and bite a strange child, especially one who moves around them quickly or makes fun of them. However, many dachshunds are very tolerant and loyal to the children in the family, but these children should pay attention to the back vulnerability of the breed.

A 2008 study of 6000 dog owners at the University of Pennsylvania found that smaller breeds were more likely to "genetically predispose to aggressive behavior.". Dachshunds are rated the most aggressive animals, with 20% of strangers who have been bitten and a high rate of attack on other dogs and their owners. Studies have shown that attacks by small dogs are unlikely to cause serious injury, so reports are insufficient.