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Wigs are headgear made of human hair, animal hair or synthetic fiber. The word wig is the abbreviation of wig, which first appeared in William Shakespeare's two gentlemen in Verona. Some people wear wigs to cover up their baldness. Wigs can be used as less invasive and cheaper alternatives to hair restoration or religious medicine.

In Egyptian society, men and women usually shave or cut their hair, often wearing wigs. Ancient Egyptians created wigs to protect shaved, hairless heads from the sun. They also use beeswax and resin to put wigs on their hair to hold them in place. Wealthy Egyptians wear beautiful wigs and fragrant animal fat cones. Other ancient cultures, including Assyrians, Phoenicians, Jews in ancient Israel, Greeks, and Romans, also used wigs for everyday clothing.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, wigs had been used in the West for more than 1000 years until they were reused in the 16th century as a means of compensating for hair loss or improving personal appearance. They also had practical purposes: unsanitary conditions at the time meant that hair attracted head lice, which could be greatly reduced by shaving natural hair and replacing it with a more easily loosened artificial wig. Fur covers are used in a similar way.

Royal sponsorship is essential for the restoration of wigs. Queen Elizabeth I wore a red wig, tightly and delicately curled in the Roman style, while King Louis XIII of France (1601-1643) began wearing a wig in 1624, when he started balding prematurely. This fashion was largely promoted by his son and his French successor, Louis XIV (1638 – 1715), which helped it spread in Europe and in the countries affected by Europe.

When Charles II regained his throne in 1660 after a long exile in France, he brought men's Peruvian braids or wigs into the English speaking world. These wigs have long shoulders or longer, mimicking the long hair that has been popular with men since the 1620s. Their use soon became popular in British courts.

In the 18th century, men's wigs were powdered to give them a distinctive white or off white color. Instead of wearing wigs, women in the 18th century wore wigs or other hair accessories. Women's hair is mainly dyed gray or light blue gray. Since the 1770s, it has never been as bright white as men's. The wig powder is made of ground starch, sprinkled with orange flowers, lavender or iris roots. The color of hair powder is sometimes purple, blue, pink or yellow, but it is most commonly used as grayish white.

By the early 19th century, in the newly established United States and France, wearing wigs as a symbol of social status had been largely abandoned. In the United States, according to the four presidents from John Adams to James Monroe, according to the old-fashioned style of the 18th century, wearing curly powder wigs in a row. Unlike them, the first president, George Washington, never wore a wig. Instead, he pouders, curls and bunches his long hair.

According to this ancient custom, the last famous person to be born was wearing a powdery wig. She was listed as Constantine Pavlovich (born in 1779 and depicted in 1795).

With the price of human hair rising, people worry about the source of hair is immoral. Many women with hair from poor countries are trying to solve temporary economic difficulties. Some women's hair was forcibly cut by armed guards or prison officials.

From the end of the 17th century to the beginning of the 19th century, European troops more or less wore uniforms to imitate the common people's fashion at that time, but increased militarized equipment. As part of the uniform, the wigs worn by officers are more suitable for European living rooms than for battlefields. In the late 17th century, officers wore full natural colored wigs, but in the early 18th century, civilians changed to short powder wigs with braids, and officers used similar styles. The elaborate, oversized court style of the late 18th century was not sought after by the military in the wild because they could not withstand the ordeal of military life and wore simple wigs.

Wigs are worn daily or occasionally by some people in their daily lives. Sometimes this is done for convenience, because wigs can be shaped in advance. They are also worn by people who have lost their hair for medical reasons (the most common being cancer patients receiving chemotherapy or patients with alopecia areata).

Some men dressed as women wear different styles of wigs to make their hair look more feminine.

There are two basic types of wigs: traditional woven weft wigs and hand lace wigs. Machine stitched wigs are still the most widely used wigs today. The hair is sewn with elastic weft material and is equipped with a back strap that can be adjusted to various head sizes. These wigs are usually pre designed and lack any realistic expectations.

Lace wigs are rapidly becoming one of the most popular wigs among wig wearers. The illusion of hair growing from the scalp is what makes this wig the best feature when wearing it. These wigs are made of French or Swiss lace. They are made into full lace or partial lace front with elastic weft back. Each hair is individually sewn into the lace material to create a natural look at the base. This is the origin of the term "hand binding".

The hair type is the difference factor of human hair wig. There are four main types of hair used in manufacturing: Chinese or "Malaysian", Indian, Indonesian or "Brazilian" and white or "European". Most human wigs are made of Chinese or Indian wigs, while European wigs are considered the most expensive and rare, because most of the donors are from Russia or northern Europe, where the proportion of donors is relatively small.

Remy hair is considered to be the best quality of human hair because the cuticle remains intact without peeling off. The remaining cuticle is also arranged in a unidirectional manner, which reduces tangle and extinction. After collection from hair donors, carefully separate them to ensure that all cuticles are the same length.