free download PNG images :Parking

Parking is the act of making a vehicle stop and leave the vehicle. Although sometimes limited, parking is usually allowed on one or both sides of the road. Some buildings have parking facilities for building users. National and local governments have regulations on the design and use of parking spaces.

Facilities include indoor and outdoor private property belonging to the house, roadside, parking lot (North American English) or parking lot (British English) measured or arranged for such purpose, indoor and outdoor multi-storey structure, shared underground parking facilities and facilities for specific types of vehicles, such as bicycle parking special structure.

In the United States, after the first public parking garage for motor vehicles was opened in Boston on May 24, 1898, the painted horses in the city began to be converted into garages. In cities in the eastern United States, many pre painted horses with carriage lifts are still operating today as garages.

The following terms show regional differences. All other facilities refer to outdoor multi-storey parking facilities except the car shed. In some regional dialects, some of these phrases also refer to indoor or single-layer facilities.

In many countries, bicycle parking is becoming more and more common. These may include bike stands and locks, as well as more modern technology to improve safety and convenience. For example, a bicycle park in Tokyo has an automatic parking system.

In crowded urban areas, the parking of motor vehicles is time-consuming and usually expensive. Urban planners with the ability to override market forces must consider whether and how and how to accommodate or "manage" potentially large numbers of motor vehicles in smaller geographic areas. In general, authorities will set a minimum or less maximum number of motor vehicle parking spaces for new housing and business development, and may also plan their location and distribution to affect their convenience and accessibility. The cost or subsidy of such parking spaces may become a hot spot in local politics. In 2006, for example, the San Francisco Board of supervisors considered a controversial zoning plan to limit the number of car parking spaces available in new residential developments.

In the chart on the right or below, the value above the line represents the out of pocket expenses per person per trip for each mode of transportation; the value below the line shows subsidies, environmental impacts, social and indirect costs. When the city charges market rates for roadside parking and municipal parking garage, and tolls for bridges and tunnels are charged for these modes, the driving competitiveness of self pay is reduced compared with other transportation modes. When the price of municipal motor vehicle parking space is underestimated and there is no toll on the road, the shortage of driver's tax expenditure caused by fuel tax and other taxes can be regarded as a very large subsidy for the use of vehicles: far greater than the ordinary subsidy for the maintenance of infrastructure. And discounted fares for public transport.

Some airports charge more for parking than for airplanes.

Parking control is a major problem in densely populated cities in developed countries, where the huge demand for parking spaces makes it expensive and difficult. In urban areas, parking control is a developing theme. Parking restrictions can be public or private. Compared with the central government, the local government is the main activator of public parking. The focus is on curbing roadside parking facilities; parking fees and fines are often the main source of revenue for local governments in North America and Europe.

Most American universities charge for parking. Some universities even have parking services, which issue parking permits and enforce parking regulations on a daily, weekly and annual basis. The University of West Michigan is an example of such a department.

In general, communication about the state of road parking takes the form of a notification, for example, fixed to a nearby wall and / or road sign. In some countries, part of the requirement to pass the driving test is to demonstrate understanding of the stop sign.

Drivers who park on the side of the road in large cities usually need to pay for the time the vehicle is on site. Late fine. It is often necessary for the driver to display a sticker under the windshield to indicate that he has paid for the use of the parking space for a specified period of time. Private parking controls include residential and corporate property. Signs used by owners of private property indicate that parking facilities are limited to certain categories of people, such as owners themselves and their guests, staff and approved contractors.