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Academy Awards

The Academy Awards, also known as the Academy Awards, is an award in art and technology in the film industry. The award is presented annually by the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) and is an international recognition of film achievements by voting members of the International Film Academy. Winners of each category will receive a copy of the golden Figurine, officially known as the "merit award," although its nickname is "Oscar.".

The award was originally carved by George Stanley based on a design sketch by Cedric Gibbons. AMPAS first presented it in 1929 at a private dinner hosted by Douglas Fairbanks at the Roosevelt Hotel in Hollywood. The Oscars were first broadcast on the air in 1930 and first televised in 1953. It is the oldest Entertainment Award Ceremony in the world and is now broadcast live all over the world. Its equivalents - the Emmy for television, the Tony for theatre and the Grammy for music - are all based on the Academy Awards.

The 91st Academy Awards ceremony was held on February 24, 2019 at Dolby theatre in Los Angeles, California, to commemorate the best film of 2018. The ceremony was broadcast on ABC. From the beginning of the awards to the 90th awards ceremony, a total of 3072 Oscar statuettes were awarded. This is the first ceremony without a host since 1988.

On May 16, 1929, the first Academy Awards ceremony was held at a private dinner party at Roosevelt Hotel in Hollywood, with an audience of about 270 people. The award ceremony was held at the Mayfair Hotel. The cost of guest tickets for that evening's ceremony was $5 (2018: $73). Between 1927 and 28, they won 15 statuettes in recognition of artists, directors and other participants in the film industry at that time. The ceremony lasted 15 minutes.

The winners were announced to the media three months ago. At the second awards ceremony in 1930, things changed. After that, in the first ten years, the results of the awards were distributed to newspapers at 11 p.m. This method was used until the Los Angeles Times announced the winners before the ceremony. As a result, since 1941, the academy has used sealed envelopes to show the names of the winners.

The most famous award is the Oscar for excellence, commonly known as the Oscar statuette. Made of gold-plated bronze on a black metal base, it is 13.5 inches (34.3 cm) tall and weighs 8.5 pounds (3.856 kg), depicting a knight in the style of decorative art, standing on a film reel with a Crusader sword and five spokes. Five kinds of speakers represent the original branch of the College: actors, writers, directors, producers and technicians.

The model of the figurine is said to be Mexican actor Emilio "El Indio" fern? ndez。 Sculptor George Stanley (who also made the Muse fountain in the Hollywood Bowl) carved the design of Cedric Gibbons. The statuettes shown at the original ceremony were solid bronze gilded. Within a few years, bronze was abandoned and replaced by British metal, an alloy similar to tin, which was then plated with copper, nickel silver and the last 24 carat of gold. Oscar was made of painted plaster for three years because of a shortage of metal during World War II. After the war, the Academy invited recipients to exchange plaster statues for gold-plated metal statues. Since its inception, the only addition to the Academy Awards has been the streamlining of the base. The original Oscar mold was cast in 1928 at the C.W. Shumway & Sons foundry in Batavia, Illinois. It also contributed to the creation of the Vince Lombardy trophy and the Emmy statuettes. From 1983 to 2015, R.S., an Illinois manufacturer, made about 50 Oscars in Chicago each year for tinned tin alloy. Owens. It will take three to four weeks to make 50 statuettes. In 2016, the Academy re used bronze as the core metal of the figurines and transferred manufacturing responsibility to walich tallix fine art foundry in New York state. Based on a digital scan of the original 1929 Oscars, the statuettes retain their modern size and black base. The 3D printed ceramic mold is cast and polished in liquid bronze, then electroplated with 24 carat gold by Epner technology in Brooklyn, New York. It takes about three months to produce 50 such statues. R. S. Owens is expected to continue to serve the Oscars and the existing Oscars that need to be replaced.

The origin of the name Oscar is controversial. Betty Davis, who was a biography of the dean of the college, said she was named after her first husband, band leader Harmon Oscar Nelson. Margaret Herrick, the college's executive secretary, is often mentioned. When she first saw the award in 1931, she said that the figurine reminded her of her cousin Oscar Pierce's nickname. Columnist Sidney skolsky, who was present during the naming of Herrick, wrote: "employees kindly voiced their famous statuette, 'Oscar.' In its March 16, 1934 column on the sixth Academy Awards, the Academy attributed his "first confirmed newspaper reference" to him. Another early mention appeared in time's story of the 1934 awards. At that year's awards ceremony, Walt Disney thanked the Academy for its Oscars. In 1939, the Academy officially adopted the name Oscar for the trophy.

In order to prevent the disclosure of information identifying the Oscar winners before the award ceremony, the Oscar statuettes presented at the award ceremony are provided with a blank base plate. Until 2010, the winners returned their statuettes to the academy and had to wait weeks to carve their names on their Oscars. Since 2010, winners have been given the option to engrave nameplates on their statuettes at the governor's ball's inscriptions processing station, a gathering immediately after the Oscars. R. S. Owens engraved a nameplate with the names of each potential winner before the ceremony. The nameplates of non winning candidates were later recycled.