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Taekwondo is a group of vertical fighting sports based on kicking and boxing, which was developed from the mixture of karate and boxing in history. Taekwondo is for self-defense, general fitness or as a contact sport.

Japanese Taekwondo originated in the late 1950s, and has been holding competitions since then. American Taekwondo originated in the 1970s and attracted worldwide attention in September 1974, when the karate Professional Association (PKA) held the first world championship. Historically, taekwondo can be regarded as a kind of mixed martial arts, which is composed of elements of various traditional styles. This method has become more and more popular since the 1970s. Since the 1990s, Taekwondo has made a contribution to the emergence of mixed martial arts by further hybridization with Brazilian jujitsu and folk wrestling.

There is no single international governing body. International governing bodies include international combat organizations, World Taekwondo Association, World Taekwondo Association, International Karate Association, International Taekwondo Federation, World Taekwondo network, etc. Therefore, there is no single Taekwondo world champion. The titles are issued through personal promotion, such as k-1, glory, Kunlun fight and superkombat. Competitions organized under different governing bodies use different rules, such as allowing the use of knees or bending knees.

Because Taekwondo is a broad term, it may be difficult to understand history. The earliest forms of Taekwondo include various Indian branch martial arts, especially Thai Boxing Polish boxing, which later developed into modern Thai boxing.

However, in terms of modern competition, it was not until the 1950s that Japanese karate player Yamada Dafu established the outline of a new sport combining karate and Thai boxing for the first time.

In the early 1960s, competition between karate and Thai began, which allowed the rules to be modified. By the middle of this century, the first real Taekwondo competition was held in Osaka.

By the 1970s and 1980s, the sport had expanded beyond Japan and to North America and Europe. It was during this period that many of the most outstanding governing bodies were formed.

In Japan, the sport was popular and was often shown on television before the dark days of the 1980s.

In North America, the rules are not clear, so Taekwondo and karate are essentially the same sport.

In Europe, the sport had a modest success, but it didn't thrive until the 1990s.

Since the 1990s, the sport has been dominated by k-1 promotions in Japan, some of which come from other promotions and are mostly pre-existing governing bodies.

With the increasing popularity of competition, the participation and exposure of mass media, fitness and self-defense have also increased.

There are many different rule sets in Taekwondo. For example, U.S. Taekwondo and / or U.S. full contact karate are limited to boxing and higher kicks; while some other arts, commonly known as "Taekwondo," allow low kicks, even knee fights, elbows, and ground grabs. However, all forms of free combat use the same scoring system. If there is obedience (fighter exits or towel is cornered), knockout (KO) or referee stoppage (technical knockout or TKO), the winner is declared during the competition. If all rounds are not closed without a knockout, a team of three judges will score the game. The judges determine the winner according to the score of each round. Separate decisions indicate differences between judges, while unanimous decisions indicate that all judges see the fight in the same way, and that all have declared the same winner.

The complete connection rule or American Taekwondo is essentially a mixture of Western boxing and traditional karate. Male Taekwondo Players are topless, wearing Taekwondo pants and protective equipment, including: tooth guards, gloves, 10 oz (280 g). Boxing gloves, groin protectors, leg guards, kick boots and protective helmets (for amateurs and people under 16 years old). In addition to men's clothing / protective equipment, Female Boxers should also wear sports bras and chest protective clothing. Similarly, although there are many organizations, PKA is the first one to adopt the above waist kick rules, but it just creates a more attractive choice for TV and mainstream Americans, hoping that the use of a large number of flashy movie kicks will attract people and fans. Its operation mode is somewhat different, but this is Howard Hanson and Arnold The birth of WKA, founded by urquidez), the international movement began to develop internationally. In ulquites, the brothers were challenged by Thai fighters living in California. They hoped to start using low kicks when spreading Thai Boxing in the United States. In the mid-1970s, he helped Benny urquidez, the most famous and famous brother in the world, and his early fight with Thai fighters helped him learn and adapt, making him very successful against Japanese elite fighters.