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Joseph visarionovi Stalin [a] (18 December 1878-5 March 1953) was the leader of the Soviet revolution and politics. From the mid-1920s until his death in 1953, he ruled the Soviet Union as a dictator, served as the Prime Minister of the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1953, and as the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1952. Ideologically speaking, he is a Marxist and Leninist. While his own policies and theories are called Stalinism, he helps to formalize these thoughts into Marxism Leninism.

Stalin was born into a poor Georgian family in Gori, the Russian Empire, and was educated at the spiritual Seminary of Tiflis. He joined the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, edited the Pravda, and raised funds for Vladimir Lenin's Bolsheviks by robbing, kidnapping and protecting rackets. He was arrested many times and went through several internal exiles. After Bolsheviks took power and established a one party state in 1917, Stalin sat in the Political Bureau during the Russian Civil War and helped to establish the Soviet Union. Despite Lenin's opposition, Stalin consolidated his power and the opposition was able to withdraw it. During Stalin's tenure, the concept of "one country's socialism" became the central tenet of Soviet society and developed personality worship around him. Lenin's new economic policy was replaced by centralized command of the economy, industrialization and collectivization. These rapidly transformed the country from an agricultural society into an industrial power, but disrupted food production and led to the famine of 1933-34. From 1934 to 1939, Stalin organized the "Great Purge", in which millions of so-called "working class enemies", including senior political and military figures, were imprisoned in the prison run by Gulag, exiled or executed, often without cause. handle.

In August 1939, Stalin signed a non aggression treaty with Nazi Germany, which led to their invasion of Poland in September 1939. Germany ended the treaty by invading the Soviet Union in 1941. Despite the initial setbacks, the Soviet Red Army stopped the German invasion and occupied Berlin in May 1945, ending the Second World War in Europe. The Soviet Union annexed the Baltic States and supported the establishment of a pro Soviet Marxist government throughout Eastern Europe and in China, North Korea and North Vietnam. The Soviet Union and the United States have become two world superpowers. The tense period between the eastern group supported by the Soviet Union and the western group supported by the United States has begun, which is called the cold war. Stalin led the Soviet Union through the stage of post-war reconstruction. During this period, it became the second country to develop nuclear weapons. In response to another major famine and the world natural engineering plan, Stalin launched the great plan for natural transformation. communism. Stalin died in 1953 and was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev, who denounced Stalin and initiated the destalinization process.

Stalin is widely regarded as one of the most important and influential figures in the 20th century. Stalinism has influenced various Marxist Leninist groups and governments around the world. For this reason, Stalin is a supporter of socialism and the working class. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Stalin's role in defeating the axis powers and establishing the Soviet Union as the world's major power was praised by his supporters. Critics have accused him of being a dictator of an autocratic government that approved mass killings and political repression.