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Osama bin Laden

Osama bin Laden (March 10, 1957 to May 2, 2011) is the founder of the pan Islamic armed group Al Qaeda. Until 1994, he was a Saudi Arabian (since then stateless), a member of the wealthy bin Laden family and a relative of Yemen.

Bin Laden's father is Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, a Saudi millionaire in hadramat, Yemen, and the founder of the Saudi bin Laden group, a construction company. His mother, alias Ghanem, came from a secular middle-class family in ratakia, Syria. He was born in Saudi Arabia and studied at the country's universities until 1979, when he joined jihadists in Pakistan to fight the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. He helped fund jihadi by moving weapons, money and fighters from the Arab world to Afghanistan, and is popular with many Arabs. In 1988, he founded al Qaeda. He was exiled from Saudi Arabia in 1992 and moved his base to Sudan until the United States put pressure on him to leave Sudan in 1996. After establishing a new base in Afghanistan, he declared war on the United States, triggering a series of bombings and related attacks. Bin Laden was on the FBI's list of ten most wanted fugitives and terrorists for his role in the 1998 US embassy bombing.

From 2001 to 2011, bin Laden became the main target of the United States, because the FBI offered a reward of $25 million to find him. On May 2, 2011, bin Laden was shot and killed in a private residential compound in Abbottabad during a covert operation conducted by members of the U.S. Navy's special operations forces development team and the CIA, living with a local family in Waziristan. Sad / SOG operators are ordered by President Barack Obama.

Bin Laden is one of the most controversial and influential figures in the 20th and 21st century, described as the spiritual leader of Al Qaeda. After the withdrawal of the Soviet Union, he became one of the most symbolic figures in the Arab world. Under his leadership, bin Laden and Al Qaeda were responsible for the mass killing of 2977 victims of the September 11th U.S. attack and many other mass casualty attacks around the world.